MARULA ANIMAL

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55 000

total area, hectares

7 311

animals

1 500

roads, km

ABOUT THE MARULAS ANIMALS

Some introductory text about animals. Even more about the park itself in the context of animals.

Here’s a brief talk about how great it is that animals live in the park, the natural environment, and their care.
Maybe about how you can look at the animals, about the tracks, maybe a couple of words about how they don’t disturb the animals.
Something like that.

Our animals

Giraffe (Angolan)

Girrafe Description: The tallest land mammal, with a neck as long as 6 feet, the giraffe is also well known for the unique brown and white pattern on its coat (“pelage”) and its lengthy eyelashes and legs. Habitat: Giraffes use both semi-arid savannah and savannah woodlands in Africa.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 28 Years Tallest Land Mammal

Cheetah

The cheetah's unique body structure: flexible spine, semi-retractable claws, long legs and tail allow it to achieve the unbelievable top speed of 110 km/hr (70 mph). The cheetah's body is narrow and lightweight with long slender limbs. Specialized muscles allow for a greater swing to the limbs increasing acceleration.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 12 Year Life Span Fastest Land mammal (110km/h)

African Wild Cat

The African wildcat (Felis lybica) is a small wildcat species with sandy grey fur, pale vertical stripes on the sides and around the face. It is native to Africa, West and Central Asia, and is distributed to Rajasthan in India and Xinjiang in China.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~10Year Life Span Solitary and territorial

Common Impala

The impala reaches 70–92 cm (28–36 in) at the shoulder and weighs 40–76 kg (88–168 lb). It features a glossy, reddish brown coat. The male's slender, lyre-shaped horns are 45–92 cm (18–36 in) long. Active mainly during the day, the impala may be gregarious or territorial depending upon the climate and geography.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal, but will feed at night

~12 Year Life Span Gregarious, herds of one male with many females

Leopard

What are leopards? These large carnivores are powerfully built with long bodies, relatively short legs, and a broad head. There are nine subspecies and are distinguished by the unique characteristics of their coats, which range from tawny or light yellow in warm, dry habitats to reddish-orange in dense forests.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 20 Years Life Span Excellent night vision, longer whiskers than other felines

Damara Dik-dik

Damara dik-dik are a small species, standing about 400 mm at shoulder, with a mass of about 5 Kg. The upper parts oft he body are yelowish-grey in colour, the hairs with subterminak whitish or pale yellow annulations and dark tips. The hair on the face, the crown of thehead and around the ears is a pale rusty colour.

Diurnal / Nocturnal

Smallest Antelope in Southern Africa. Monogamous. Only males have horns

Mountain Zebra

Equus zebra is a fairly large-sized, striped member of the horse family. Adult mountain zebras have a head and body length of 210 to 260 cm, and a tail length of 40 to 55 cm. Shoulder height ranges from 116 to 150 cm. Mountain zebras typically weigh between 240 and 372 kg.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 30 Year Life Span Has 32 chromosomes, instead of 44 like Plain Zebra. Only black and white

Plains Zebra

Males weigh 220–322 kg (485–710 lb) while females weigh 175–250 kg (386–551 lb). The species is intermediate in size between the larger Grévy's zebra and the smaller mountain zebra. It is dumpy bodied with relatively short legs and a skull with a convex forehead and a somewhat concave nose profile.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 35 Year Life Span Black with White and shadow stripes. Turns back against Sun to create own shade

Hippopotamus

The hippopotamus has a bulky body on stumpy legs, an enormous head, a short tail, and four toes on each foot. Each toe has a nail-like hoof. Males are usually 3.5 metres (11.5 feet) long, stand 1.5 metres (5 feet) tall, and weigh 3,200 kg (3.5 tons).

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 40 Year life Span Most dangerous African animal (500 kills/year)

Nile Crocodile

Large, lizard-shaped reptile with four short legs and a long muscular tail. The hide is rough and scaled. Juvenile Nile crocodiles are dark olive to brown with darker crossbands on tail and body. Adults are uniformly dark with darker crossbands on tail.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 80 Year Life Span One of the largest extant reptile species. Can weight 1 ton in mass

Rock Monitor

It is the second longest African lizard after the Nile monitor. Mature specimens typically measure 0.85 to 1.5 meters (2 ft 9 in to 4 ft 11 in). The head and neck are the same length, and are distinct from each other. The bulbous, convex snout gives an angular, box-like appearance.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 15 Year Life Span Largest Monitor, will sham death if all else fails

Blue Wilderbeest

The blue wildebeest is a member of the antelope family, although its heavy build and disproportionately large forequarters make it look more bovine. Blue wildebeests can reach 8 feetin length, stand 4.5 feet tall at the shoulders and weigh up to 600 pounds. Both males and females grow horns.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal, will feed at night

~ 20 Years Life Span

Black Wilderbeest

The black wildebeest, or white-tailed gnu (C. gnou), is a much smaller animal (110–147 kg [240–323 pounds], 106–121 cm [42–48 inches]) and is dark brown to black with a conspicuous white tail, prominent beard, facial tufts, and upright mane

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Mornings / Evenings

~ 40 Year Life Span Endemic to South Africa

Warthog

Common warthogs are light grey to brown in color, with very sparse black or brown hair all over the body. They have large heads with manes that run along the spine to mid-back. Their weight ranges from 110 to 250 pounds, and body length averages three to five feet.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 20 Years life Span Only animal to eat roots and rhizomes

Spotted Hyaena

The spotted hyena may look unusual, at first sight. It has a large head with a long, thick, muscular neck and powerful jaws that give the hyena the strongest bite of any mammal. Its front legs are longer than its back legs, giving the hyena a profile somewhat like that of a wildebeest or bison.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Mainly nocturnal

~ 25 Year Life Span Most powerful bite for size (800kg/cm2)

Brown Hyaena

Brown hyenas are distinguished from other species by their long shaggy dark brown coat, pointed ears, and short tail. Their legs are striped brown and white, and adults have a distinct cream-colored fur ruff around their necks.

Diurnal / Nocturnal Mainly nocturnal

Mainly nocturnal

Aardwolf

Aardwolves have dark stripes on buff-yellow or dark brown fur, as well as a thick mane running from the back of the head to the tail. Intermittent spots or stripes on a pale gray-white neck may be seen. Feet are usually dark solid black with irregular horizontal stripes on the legs.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 13 Year Life Span Termite eaters, large salivary glands and emit copious amount of salvia while feeding.

Bat-eared fox

What is a bat-eared fox? As the name indicates, this fox has unusually enormous ears in proportion to its head, like those of many bats. Their bodies are generally yellow-brown with a pale throat and under parts. The outsides of the ears, the racoon-like “face-mask,” lower legs, feet, and tail tip are all black.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal and Nocturnal

~ 12 Year Life Span Use Bat like horizontally to ground for underground prey location

Black-backet jackal

Black-backed jackals have a dark saddle on the back, which runs from the nape of the neck to the base of the tail. They have a black, bushy tail and reddish flanks and limbs; standing about 400 mm at the shoulder and a meter in total length. The adult males are on average larger and heavier than females

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Dusk and dawn, nocturnal

~ 13 Year Life Span Forage alone, mate for life.

Striped polecat

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 8 Year Life Span Known as Zorilla, diminutive from ‘zorro’ Spanish for fox Anal glands used purely for self-defence

Honey Badger

Honey Badgers are about 250 mm high at the shoulders and weigh 12 Kg. Their coats have a broad and course saddle of grey hair running from above the eyes to the base of their tail, which contrasts starkly with their black underparts. They have a low slung body, with tiny ears and stout legs, and have massive claws.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 24 Year Life Span Skin thick and loose, easy to reverse attack. Bravest animal alive

Small-spotted genet

Banded mongooses have a coarse, brownish-gray coat, dark feet, a black-tipped tail and dark bands across their back. These bands are found between the mid-back and base of the tail and are a distinguishing feature of this mongoose species.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 13 Year Life Span Featured in Greek tapestries as domestic rat-catcher

Banded mongoose

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 9 Year Life Span Form colonies of 40+-, equal males to female. All individuals breed

Slender mongoose

Coat color ranges from a grizzled yellowish-brown to bright reddish-brown, and their belly color is buff. All individuals have a long and slender dark brown or black-tipped tail. Slender mongoose ears are small and symmetrical to the side of the head. Their eyes have an iris that is bright orange.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 8 Year Life Span Solitary, best climbers of Mongoose group

Suricate

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 8 Year Life Span Highly sociable (10-30) pack members, share warrens with other mongoose.

Yellow mongoose

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 7 Year Life Span Colony members forage alone, Each group has breeding alpha male/female

Chacma baboon

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 18 Year Life Span Males defend youngsters during squabble (Godfather role) Strict hierarchy between adult females and young

Pangolin (Ground)

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 12 Year Life Span Most poached animal in the World. Eat ant larvae and pupae

Aardvark

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 10 Year Life Span Acute sense of smell. Feed on ants/termites. Create burrows for several species.

Scrub hare

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 5 Year Life Span Solitary and non-territorial Runs ears tucked back

Cape hare

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 5 Year Life Span Solitary, Run with ears pointing upwards

Porcupine

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 20 Year Life Span Monogamous, Largest rodent. Cannot shoot quills. All quills are hollow inside and loosely attached to body.

Cape ground squirrel

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 8 year Life Span Can’t climb trees, use tail as shade when feeding

Springhare

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

~ 7 Year Life Span Move very fast in typical ‘Kangaroo-style’ This movement makes it a ‘saltator’ opposed to a cursor which run on all four legs.

Straw-coloured fruit bat

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

Largest bat in Sub-region (19cm total length) Eat mainly fruit, newly sprouted leaves and flowers

Springbok

The springbok is a strikingly marked, gazellelike antelope. It has a white face with dark stripes from the mouth to the eyes, a reddish-brown coat that turns to a darker shade and then to white on the lower third of its body, and a white backside.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 12 Year Life Span Very adaptable. Only antelope that jump 2m in the air called “pronking”

Dent's Horseshoe Bat

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

Roost in colonies of up to a dozen, or sometimes hundreds

Bushveld elephant-shrew

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

Active during the day except in hot weather. Dig their own burrows or take over rodent holes

Lasser red musk shrew

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

Occupy a wide range of habitats, including gardens, but are not found in highveld grassland. Require some cover of debris or under logs and rocks.

Damara mole-rat

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Nocturnal

Largely restricted to red Kalahari sands. The most social of Southern African mole rats, live in colonies of up to 40 animals.

Red Lechwe

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

Almost pure grazers, more than 99% of diet is grasses. Comes from Northern Botswana

Rock Hyrax (Dassie)

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

Closest relative to African Elephant. Gestation period of 230 days. Occupy hills and mountain areas.

Four-striped grass mouse

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

Found in grasslands as the name would suggest. Prefer greenstuff and seeds, can be cannibalistic

White Rhino

White rhinos are the second-largest land mammal and their name comes from the Afrikaan's, a West Germanic language, word “weit” which means wide and refers to the animal's mouth. Also known as the square-lipped rhinoceros, white rhinos have a square upper lip with almost no hair.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 45 Year Life span Excellent sense of smell and hearing

African Elephant

Elephants are the largest land mammals on earth and have distinctly massive bodies, large ears, and long trunks. They use their trunks to pick up objects, trumpet warnings, greet other elephants, or suck up water for drinking or bathing, among other uses.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Active in both

~ 65 Year Life Span Largest Land Mammal

Lion

Lions have strong, compact bodies and powerful forelegs, teeth and jaws for pulling down and killing prey. Their coats are yellow-gold, and adult males have shaggy manes that range in color from blond to reddish-brown to black. The length and color of a lion's mane is likely determined by age, genetics and hormones.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Mostly Nocturnal

~ 20 Year Life Span Only cat that can roar

Tsessebe

Adult tsessebe are 150 to 230 cm in length. They are quite large animals, with males weighing 137 kg and females weighing 120 kg, on average. Their horns range from 37 cm for females to 40 cm for males

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Mostly Diurnal

~15 Year Life Span Fastest Antelope (90km/h)

Sable Antelope

The sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) is a large antelope which inhabits wooded savanna in East and Southern Africa, from the south of Kenya to South Africa, with a separated population in Angola.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Active in both

~ 17Years Life Span. Aggressive animal

Roan Antelope

One of the largest African antelopes, the roan antelope has a gray coat with black and white facial markings, very long, pointed ears that are tufted at tip, and long horns that are strongly curved backwards. Female: The female is similar to the male, but with smaller, less heavily ridged horns.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

19+- Year Life Span Bull remains with Herd at all times. Highly specific in their habitat

Waterbuck

Waterbuck have long bodies and necks and short legs. The hair is coarse, and they have a mane on their necks (Estes, 1991). Their head and body length ranges from 177 - 235 cm and shoulder height from 120 - 136 cm. Only male waterbuck have horns, which are curved forward and vary in length from 55 - 99 cm.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~14 Year Life Span Meat unpleasant, diffuse glands make them impermeable to water.

Steenbok

Steenbok resemble small oribi, standing 45–60 cm (16"–24") at the shoulder, and average ~12 kg. Their coat is any shade from fawn to rufous, typically rather orange. The underside, including chin and throat, is white, as is the ring around the eye. Ears are large with "finger-marks" on the inside.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal, occasionally nocturnal

Solitary or in pairs, territorial. Burying of feaces to hide presence from predators

Springbuck

The springbok is a strikingly marked, gazellelike antelope. It has a white face with dark stripes from the mouth to the eyes, a reddish-brown coat that turns to a darker shade and then to white on the lower third of its body, and a white backside.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

12+- Year Life Span Very adaptable Only antelope that jump 2m in the air called “pronking”

Oryx (Gemsbuck)

What is an oryx? There are four species of oryx living in Africa and the Middle East. They are large antelopes with long, spear-like horns — with the Gemsbok (Oryx gazella) being the largest of the oryx species. They are a true desert animal, with a thick, horse-like neck; a short mane; and a compact, muscular body.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 19 Years Life Span Most adapted antelope, least amount of water needed.

Klipspringer

Klipspringers are small, stocky gazelles that are 20-24 inches high at the shoulder and weigh 20-40 pounds. Females are slightly larger than males. The fur is grizzled in appearance, with individual hairs ranging from gray to brown, yellow, and olive green.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal, early mornings and late afternoons

~7 Year Life Span Walk on tiptoe, hoofs are rubbery. Mark with pre-orbital glands

Kudu

The Great kudu is a large antelope with tawny coloring and thin, white, sparse vertical stripes. Greater kudu may be distinguished from a similar species, the lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis), by the presence of a throat mane. Approximately 1.2 to 1.5 m (4 to 5 ft.) Male: 225 to 357.7 kg (495 to 787 lbs.)

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal

~ 14 Years Life Span Non-territorial antelope

Hartebeest

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Mornings / Evenings

14+- years Life Span Males remain separate unless herding. Counter current heat exchange like Gemsbok

Eland

What is an eland? The cow-like eland is the world's largest antelope. However, it has the endurance to maintain a trot indefinitely and can jump a 1.5 meter (4 feet) fence from a standstill. Both males and females have horns that spiral tightly, though female horns tend to be longer and thinner.

Diurnal / Nocturnal: Diurnal, but feeds at night

~25 Years Life Span Largest//heaviest Antelope

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